The Dietary Guidelines are revised every 5 years and provide guidance for Americans on evidence-based recommendations for diet and nutrition. These recommendations are set for people age 2 and older, and include persons with increased risk of chronic disease.
The Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee provided their recommendation report last week for the 2015 version of the guidelines. The committee has recommended moving away from nutrient-based recommendations (i.e., eat less sodium, eat more potassium) and towards food-based recommendations such as eat more plant foods.
When it comes to dietary cholesterol, the committee has recommended the government step back from upper limits on cholesterol intake, as research has shown that the type of fat plays a bigger role on heart disease risk than total fat or cholesterol intake.
Furthermore, drinking 3-5 cups of coffee per day does not appear to increase chronic disease risk and in some cases may even be protective.
The full and finalized 2015 Dietary Guidelines are set to publish later this year. In the meantime, the public can comment on the committee’s advisory report here. For more information the Dietary Advisory Committee report can be found: http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015-scientific-report/.
Special thanks to dietetic student Briana Rodriquez for her contributions to this post.